How Tos / Parts / Product Installs / Tech

How to Install an Air Compressor in Your Garage

 

Elbow grease. It’s valuable stuff.

That’s why professional mechanics and serious auto enthusiasts love their air tools; one squeeze of the trigger blows away all of the drill-it-/hammer-it-/shear-it-/sand-it-yourself muscle you can muster. Plus, there’s no better way to feel like a full-fledged NASCAR mechanic than with a few blasts of an air-powered impact wrench.

Decking out your workspace with an air compressor system is a great way to take your projects to the next level and an absolute necessity when it comes to jobs like media blasting and paintwork. So how do you create the ultimate shop assistant out of thin air? The first thing you’ll need is the right compressor.

Pick a Compressor
Not all compressors are created equal. There are five key attributes you should consider when selecting a compressor:

Cubic Feet per Minute (cfm): The most important factor in selecting a compressor, cfm is the volume of air a compressor is able to push. All air tools have a cfm rating, and your compressor’s output must exceed this number for your tools to function properly.

For example, our Summit Racing Pro Impact Wrench requires 5.1 cfm. A compressor like this 9.0 cfm unit from Campbell Hausfeld will provide more than enough air to get the job done. However, tools with a bigger appetite for air, like an 11.4 cfm Hutchins Orbital Action Sander require a more powerful compressor to keep up. Campbell Hausfeld’s 14.4 cfm compressor will do the trick.

Simply put, always select a compressor with a cfm rating greater than that of your “hungriest” air tool.

Pounds per Square Inch: This is the pressure at which the air is delivered from the compressor. Just like air volume, air tools require a certain minimum pressure to operate properly.

The majority of tools require 90 psi. While most air compressors produce more maximum pressure than that, you want to check the compressor’s cfm output at 90 psi. This is a better indicator of whether a compressor can handle the air tools you want to use.

The greater pressure your compressor produces, the wider range of potential tools you’ll have at your disposal.

Horsepower: Used to measure the output of your compressor’s motor, but cfm and psi are much more accurate measures of your compressor’s effectiveness. Generally, cfm and psi increase as horsepower increases.

Tank Volume: The amount of air your compressor can hold in reserve, usually measured in gallons. A larger capacity tank will lessen the load on the motor, since it won’t have to cycle as often to replace the air you’ve used—a big advantage if you’re keeping the compressor in your workspace, since even electric units can be noisy neighbors.

Duty Cycle: The amount of time a compressor motor can safely operate before it shuts down to cool off. For example, a compressor with a 50-percent duty cycle will run for half of a given time period before shutting down.

Compressors with short duty cycles can pose a problem for continuous-use air tools like grinders and sanders, so be sure to get a compressor with a large tank, big motor, and a duty cycle rating of 50 percent or more if you plan to use these sorts of tools.

Check out Summit Racing’s full selection of shop compressors. After you pick out your compressor, you’re ready to plumb your workspace.

Plumb it Up
Once your compressor is in place, you might be tempted to throw on an air hose with a quick-disconnect fitting and call it “mission accomplished.” But a good plumbing job is every bit as important as picking the right compressor.

Since everyone’s work space and air requirements are unique, there’s no 100-percent foolproof plumbing setup out there, but the basics remain the same—and our own Summit Racing Push to Connect Air Hose and Fitting Combo is a great place to begin. The kit comes with 50 feet of flexible and tough ½-inch o.d. Puvex hose and plenty of elbows, straight unions, and tee fittings to get you started.

When laying out your setup, start with a short length of hose followed immediately by a filter/dryer. Why? Because air compressors also pass along small amounts of condensation and oil, and that’ll damage your air tools, clump blasting media, and absolutely ruin a paint job. The DeVilbiss QC3 desiccant dryer is the perfect solution—it even comes with a regulator, pressure gauge, and shut-off valve; more setup necessities.

If you’re making upgrades to an existing system with hard lines (copper, galvanized steel, etc.), consider adding a second filter as close to the air outlet (or outlets) as possible. This way, any corrosion, oil, or debris hidden in the pipes will be caught before it reaches your tools.

A properly maintained dryer will catch the majority of moisture in your system, but a small amount can still get through, which makes adding drain valves a must. Plumb in a drain at every drop leg in your plumbing setup, otherwise gathering condensation will inevitably reach your tools. For you forgetful types, a DeVilbiss CAMAIR Automatic Drain makes keeping your lines moisture-free a cinch.

With your air dry, the last step is getting the air where you need it to go. Using Summit Racing Puvex Air Hose, running your lines is easy. It’s flexible, abrasion resistant, and works perfectly with our Push to Connect Fittings.

The real trick is to plan ahead. If you see a blasting cabinet in your future, add a tee fitting and a shutoff valve along the wall where you’d like it to go. For convenience—especially if you’re going to be painting—plumb a Performance Tool Retractable Air Hose Reel from the ceiling—that’s a handy way to avoid draping hoses over your vehicle. For safety, be sure to add a shutoff valve near any point of operation.

That’s all there is to it! With a little planning, a basic air compressor setup will breathe new life into just about any project around the garage. Before you start plumbing your own system, check out our huge selection of air tools. No matter what your next project is, you’ll work harder without all the hard work!

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When selecting an air compressor for your shop or garage, the most important specification to look at is cubic feet per minute (cfm)—this is the volume of air the compressor pushes in one minute. Pick a compressor that has a higher cfm value than your highest-rated air tool, this way, you’ll always have enough oomph to keep your tools working properly.

Puvex Air Hose is flexible, vibration and abrasion resistant, and has a 150 psi working pressure, so it’s ideal for most air compressor setups. Plus, water and oil from your compressor can’t corrode these lines, like it can with copper and galvanized tubing. It comes in 50-foot and 100-foot rolls, or as part of the handy Summit Hose and Fitting Kits.

No matter how straightforward or complex the job is, Summit Push to Connect Air Hose Fittings make plumbing any air compressor setup a breeze. These high-quality brass and nylon fittings provide a leak-free seal and come in a variety of straight union, elbow, tee fitting, and swivel configurations.

Air isn’t the only thing getting pushed out of your compressor! All air compressors produce a small amount of condensation, and it’s not uncommon for a bit of oil from the motor to make its way down your air lines, too. That’s why it’s so important to position a filter system immediately after the compressor outlet. The DeVilbiss QC3 Air Filter/Dryer traps particles as small as 0.1 micron and pulls moisture into a removable drain bowl, ensuring nothing but clean, dry air gets to your tools.

The greatest advantage to having an air compressor setup in your shop or garage is its versatility. Impact wrenches, grinders, sanders, polishers, saws, cutters, paint guns, media blasters; the list goes on and on. Check out Summit Racing's huge selection of air tools!

With a basic air compressor setup like this in your shop or garage, you can blow the door wide open on all of those jobs you used to have to pay a pro to do. Laying down your own custom paint job or media blasting parts is a great way to save a bundle on your next project. Just make sure to leave room to grow: add an extra outlet for that blasting cabinet you’ve been looking at, and a retractable hose reel for your paint gun.

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8 Comments

  1. Curtis von Epp says:

    I bought at Lows their 80 gal. 4cyl air compressor makes big noise and lots of air for my air tools sand blaster painting blowing out my shop drive way you Mame it.And I love it.

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    • Thanks so much for that excellent advice, maybe someone out there will even have a clue what the hell you’re talking about!

  3. All main distribution lines should slope slightly to a down pipe with a drain port.
    All down pipes should go up off the distribution line and then down to the quick disconnect.
    The quick disconnect should be on a tee’d line where the down line goes past the quick disconnect and have a drain valve on it.
    All lines should be routed so condensation has someplace to go, be collected, and be expelled…rather than go through the quick disconnects.

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  7. Wilber Broadway says:

    Is PVC suitable for air lines?

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