It’s no secret that Japanese cars started arriving on North American shores en masse during the fuel-conscious 1970s. But while many of those early imports are remembered as gas-sipping econoboxes, there were still options for folks who wanted a bit more oomph.

Case in point, the first generation Toyota Celica GT made from 1970-77.


With body lines that faithfully mimic what Detroit was cranking out in the late 1960s, the Celica sure looked the part of a bona fide muscle/pony car. And adding the GT trim gave it some performance to go along with that sporty silhouette.

For starters, clicking the GT option added accouterments like a five-speed manual gearbox, special wheels, and a slick rocker stripe.

Then, following the smaller car/larger engine muscle car recipe, the GT trim also included a potent powerplant, in the form of Toyota’s trusty 2.2L 20R—though it would eventually become standard on all North American Celicas.

Early North America Celicas could get a 2.0 liter 18R engine, while later models got the emissions-updated 18R-C engine. Eventually the 2.2L 20R seen here became the only available powerplant. (Image/OnAllCylinders)

The 20R is part of Toyota’s venerable R Series engine family, which is pretty much responsible for building Toyota’s reputation for reliability. Peppy and tunable, the SOHC carbureted powerplant was good for almost 100 horsepower, which was enough zip for a car that weighed around 2,600 pounds.

Fun fact: The Toyota 20R cylinder head features partially-hemispherical combustion chambers too—so yeah, this thing’s got a Semi-Hemi!


The first gen Celica came in two basic body styles. The one above is a traditional coupe, but there was also what Toyota dubbed a “Liftback” body that, if you squinted your eyes a bit, could easily pass as a Mustang Cobra II.

From the roofline to the taillights, the first-gen Toyota Celica borrowed a lot from the Mustang II. (Image/Toyota)

We chatted a bit with the owner of this particular Celica GT after we spotted him at a Cars & Coffee event last spring. He explained that it’s a 1977 edition that he’d picked up a while back, in trade for an EK Civic. While the engine had been running strong, he told us that it recently developed a bit of a stumble and he was preparing for some engine-out service—maybe even a motor swap with one of the newer members of the Toyota R Series engine family.

He also says the Celica is mostly stock, save for few things like its racy respray, an ultra-cool vintage Nardi steering wheel, and a set of aftermarket wheels and tires.


After 1977, the Celica entered its second generation, moving away from the ponycar styling and toward the sharp edges that became the hallmark of 1980s automobile design.

But early offerings like the Celica GT, Honda Z600, and Datsun 240Z certainly showed that Japanese manufacturers were poised to be big players in the racing and performance scene.

This Celica also wears cool aero options like decklid and chin spoilers. (Image/OnAllCylinders)
Based in Japan, the JAF is sort of like the SCCA we have here in the States. (Image/OnAllCylinders)
Yes, that’s a first-gen Skyline parked behind it. (Image/OnAllCylinders)
If you look closely, you’ll see the original FM radio that was standard on the Celica—a big deal back then. (Image/OnAllCylinders)

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Author: Paul Sakalas

Paul is the editor of OnAllCylinders. When he's not writing, you'll probably find him fixing oil leaks in a Jeep CJ-5 or roof leaks in an old Corvette ragtop. Thanks to a penchant for vintage Honda motorcycles, he spends the rest of his time fiddling with carburetors and cleaning chain lube off his left pant leg.