I’ve heard that changing cams in an LS engine is really easy, but I’ve never worked on one of these engines before and I don’t want to screw it up. Do I need any special tools to install a cam in one of these engines? I put a 5.3L truck engine in my off-road Jeep and I’m thinking it might like a little more power. Can you help me avoid the major problems?
Jeff Smith: The good news about modern engines is that internally they are relatively easy to work on. Some of the easiest to work on are LS engines. When I was first learning to work on cars as a kid, I wondered if the engineers ever considered the poor guys working on their designs. When the LS came around, it’s obvious that the engineering team put considerable thought into the design and tried to make the engines both more efficient and easy to repair. At first this might seem counter-intuitive because in the case of the hydraulic lifters, you must remove the cylinder heads to access them. This seems like a step backward, but when it comes to cam changes the engineers were thinking ahead. All LS engines feature four sets of plastic lifter retainers that once the rocker arms and pushrods are removed, you can spin the engine over a couple of times and the lifters retract and are captured (in the Up position) by the retainers. This allows you to remove and replace the camshaft without having to remove the cylinder heads.
So let’s quickly run through a cam swap on an LS engine.
The first step is to drain the coolant from the block and remove the water pump and harmonic balancer. Next remove the valve covers and all 16 rockers and pushrods and to make spinning the engine easier, remove the spark plugs. Now spin the engine over at least three times. This will push all the lifters up into their plastic retainers. This will allow you to remove the cam without removing the lifters.
LS harmonic balancers do not have a three-bolt flange for a normal puller, but Summit Racing sells an LS-specific tool that will accomplish this task. The front timing cover is retained with eight bolts on the front of the cover and two that retain the pan to the cover. With those fasteners removed, rotate the engine until the crank and cam marks gears line up. You don’t have to remove the oil pump. Now you can remove cam bolts (or single bolt if a later model LS engine) and remove the gear and allow the chain to drape over the crank gear.
Now the cam will simply slide out with help from a long bolt or rod to use as a cam handle. Now just reverse the process to install the cam, put a little lube on all the lobes and journals and slide it in place. Now install the cam gear and make sure the cam gear mark lines up with the crank gear and secure the cam gear in place with the bolt(s). The rest of the process is just the reverse of the disassembly.
The only minor hiccup might be aligning the front timing cover. LS engines do not use an alignment pin for the cover so it can move in relation to the crank snout. Several companies sell alignment tools, but engine builder Kenny Duttweiler told me he uses an old ATI balancer hub he had lying around. We couldn’t afford one of those, so we cut the center hub out of a truck harmonic balancer and honed the inside with a sandpaper flapper wheel until it would slide easily over the crank snout. Then we used the outside seal surface to help center the front cover over the crank snout. We just position the front cover seal to be centered over the hub as we tighten all the front cover bolts. It works just fine. With the pan and gasket in place, that generally positions the cover vertically so all you have to do is position it side to side.
With the cover in place, all that is left is to reassemble the remainder of the exterior engine components. This includes the pushrods, lifters, and valve covers up top and the harmonic balancer and water pump on the front of the engine. It’s really not that difficult. You also don’t need new gaskets as the LS pieces can be reused, although if your engine has a lot of miles on it, new water pump and timing cover gaskets are probably a good idea.